Falkland Islands marine forests: discovering biodiversity in the South Atlantic

Seaweeds are a vital natural resource in the Falkland Islands, a UK Overseas Territory in the southwest Atlantic. The entire coastline of this remote archipelago, which includes nearly 800 separate islands, is fringed by ‘marine forests’ consisting of an extraordinary array of different seaweed species. These seaweed-dominated ecosystems are vital for the functioning of the … Continue reading Falkland Islands marine forests: discovering biodiversity in the South Atlantic

Methods applied to UK kelp monitoring and implications for wild harvesting

The executive summary from a report for the Crown Estate reviewing methods of monitoring Kelp abundance. Executive Summary Kelp forests are an important feature of the British coastline, covering approximately 19,000 km2. Levels of biodiversity living in this habitat-forming biomass rival that of tropical rainforests. Kelp also has commercial uses in pharmaceuticals, food, and fertiliser, amongst … Continue reading Methods applied to UK kelp monitoring and implications for wild harvesting

Determining the causes of changes in abundance of the large brown seaweeds of Britain

The executive summary from a report for the Crown Estate detailing the results of a project to examine drivers of change in seaweed abundance around the UK. Executive Summary There have been an increasing number of reports of changes in abundance of large brown kelp and wrack seaweed species around the British Isles in the last decade, … Continue reading Determining the causes of changes in abundance of the large brown seaweeds of Britain

Using aerial images to quantify the extent of coastal seaweed habitats

The executive summary from a report for the Crown Estate detailing the results of a project to examine the use of aerial images to assess the extent of seaweed habitats. Executive Summary Large brown habitat-forming seaweeds, including fucoids and kelps, are highly productive, essential components of marine ecosystems and create conditions for diverse understory communities of flora … Continue reading Using aerial images to quantify the extent of coastal seaweed habitats

Seaweed survey of the Outer Hebrides

The executive summary from a report for the Crown Estate detailing the results of a survey of the Outer Hebrides conducted in July/Augst 2012 by Juliet Brodie and Jo Wilbraham. Executive Summary A shore survey of the red (Rhodophyta), brown (Phaeophyceae) and green (Chlorophyta) seaweeds undertaken between the 30th July and 7th August 2012 at 19 … Continue reading Seaweed survey of the Outer Hebrides

Review of evidence for the loss of large brown macroalgae

The executive summary from a report for the Crown Estate detailing the evidence for declines in large brown macroalgae. Executive Summary A literature review was undertaken of the changes that have been reported in the distribution of fifteen large brown macroalgal species that characterise temperate rocky shores and the shallow subtidal in the marine environment in … Continue reading Review of evidence for the loss of large brown macroalgae